The U.S. government shutdown that sent 800,000 federal workers home this week, including many researchers, is now having a ripple effect on scientific meetings, blocking federal scientists from attending and directly canceling some meetings.A White House-sponsored meeting set for today on using big data was canceled; another on the microbiome scheduled for Monday sponsored by AAAS (ScienceInsider’s publisher) is also postponed. As Science Careers has reported, National Institutes of Health (NIH) and National Science Foundation peer-review panel meetings are on hold, which will delay the review of grant proposals.Other meetings are being affected by the absence of NIH participants. A meeting in Baltimore on HIV in children took place without many NIH researchers, according to the Miami Herald. Lamented Steven Lipshultz, a researcher from the University of Miami in Florida: “We’re looking at data from all over the country. 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An NIH researcher had traveled to Perth in Western Australia—a 30-hour trip from Washington, D.C.—only to learn by e-mail from NIH that he could not present at the meeting. “I had prepared for such a long time to come here and give this talk, all that effort and it goes to waste now,” the scientist, Michael Lazarou, told ABC News.Upcoming meetings could also feel the shutdown’s effects. A major AIDS vaccine conference next week in Barcelona lists about eight speakers from NIH who may not show up, including Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Fauci taped his talk before the shutdown in case he couldn’t attend. “We did not want to leave the organizers in the lurch, without an opening plenary lecture,” Greg Folkers, Fauci’s chief of staff, said by e-mail.Politico reports that Department of Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz, among other agency heads, has canceled upcoming trips that in Moniz’s case include visits to universities.ScienceInsider is collecting more stories of how the shutdown is affecting government scientists and the broader research community. Share them by commenting below or through Twitter.You can see our complete shutdown coverage here. AIDS Vaccine Barcelona 2013 Go to the video. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, has videotaped a talk for an AIDS conference in Spain next week in case the shutdown prevents him from attending.
Madhya Pradesh in mid-March is heavy with the scent of the Mahua blossom. Heaped at village bazaars, and now restricted largely to brewing liquor, its pungent smell is fast disappearing from indigenous tribal stews and curries. On the road to Petlawad and Alirajpur on the western edge of the state,,Madhya Pradesh in mid-March is heavy with the scent of the Mahua blossom. Heaped at village bazaars, and now restricted largely to brewing liquor, its pungent smell is fast disappearing from indigenous tribal stews and curries. On the road to Petlawad and Alirajpur on the western edge of the state, farmers carry double-barrelled rifles as they ride between endless golden fields. Wheat is an aspiration that is gradually replacing corn, a local staple for rotis here, and there are cotton, tomatoes and plump green chickpeas growing sporadically. Soybean, maize, potato, onion, cabbage and cauliflower have begun to dominate the state’s 308 lakh hectares of sown land. With 875.6 mm of average rainfall in the South-West monsoons, the state seems lush and blessed, growing at a healthy 8-9 per cent. Since Madhya Pradesh was picked for the Green Revolution in the 1960s, wheat production has increased by 83 per cent, contributing a quarter of India’s surplus production in the last decade. It also produces 22 per cent of the nation’s pulses, 54 per cent of the country’s soybeans, and 38 per cent of the nation’s grams.In short, Madhya Pradesh has no business having one of the highest rates of malnutrition and anaemia in the country. Yet, the Rapid Survey on Children (RSoC) 2013-14, released by the Ministry of Women and Child Development in mid-August, told a different story, making it clear that food production has little correlation to nutrition. One in three children in the state is underweight and over 40 per cent are stunted, far higher than the national average of 29.4 per cent underweight children. Tribal children in the state are worst hit at 46 per cent underweight and 49.7 per cent stunted. Adam Roberts, who first leaked the details of this report in The Economist in July, wrote that only Africa throws up the kind of numbers seen in India.advertisementThe state is a stark example of how the combination of a push towards market-driven monocropping and arbitrary interventions by the administration tear apart the food-health dynamic, caught as it is in the middle of a soft Hindutva push towards vegetarianism and a public distribution system (PDS) that fails to deliver the right ingredients to its people. The first state to ban beef consumption in 1959, Madhya Pradesh has doggedly refused to adopt eggs in the mid-day meals for anganwadis-as opposed to Maharashtra, another BJP-ruled state that serves ‘vegetarian’ unfertilised eggs. Add to this a falling dairy consumption despite cow protection, and a soybean crop grown more for export than local consumption. As Dipa Sinha, a Right to Food campaigner, says about the thrust to convert tribal people in Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh to vegetarianism: “It is nutrition sacrificed at the altar of religion.”The problem is a simple one, really. A farmer who once grew a rain-hardy millet among rows of pulses, onions, tubers and greens, today grows one market-driven crop, like the others around him do. They all end up competing with each other on price. When unseasonal rains come, as they did this year destroying 20 per cent rabi crops in the state, the pressure increases. In contrast, he would have at least had enough nutritious food to eat if he grew multiple crops. Pioneering scientist R.H. Richharia had identified over 19,000 varieties of rice at the now defunct Madhya Pradesh Rice Research Institute, and R.S. Rana, former director of the National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, identified 166 crops and 320 wild varieties growing in the state at one time. Ashish Kothari, founder of environmental action group Kalpavriksh, says farming today pushes just three or four varieties. “There is no overall figure for loss of crop diversity in India but high-yield varietals now replace crop on almost 75 per cent of rice land and 90 per cent of wheat land in the country,” he says.With the burden of vegetarianism moving the tribal people off native meats such as the foraged wild boar or smaller forest animals, now banned by the Forest Act-let alone the growing clampdown on cheap beef-the diversity of food options become even more regimented.Disappearing vegetablesIn Bhopal, Vikas Samvad’s Sachin Jain is an activist who pushed for the introduction of eggs in the mid-day meal programme. His insistence caused Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan to famously say, “Ande ka funda nahin chalega (literally ‘the egg theory will not work’, but also an allusion to a Bollywood song from the late ’90s).” Jain says that the only way to combat malnutrition, anaemia and stunting is to include micrograins, micronutrients, green vegetables, ironand calcium-rich foods, and animal proteins ranging from eggs to fish to meat into the daily diet. But these are exactly the food items the lush new Madhya Pradesh has spent the last decade replacing. “If a state concertedly moves away from the solution, can the problem ever be solved?” he asks.advertisementThe ruling BJP’s spokesperson for Madhya Pradesh, Hitesh Bajpai, says that the state government has indeed realised that crucial micronutrients are being lost due to the erosion of indigenous eating patterns and crop varieties. One way they have been trying to counter it is to offer a Minimum Support Price to farmers in the tribal belt to start growing millets such as kodo and kutki. Even so, the output has been low as farmers prefer crops with greater demand. The second is to boost consumption through anganwadis, and village-to-village awareness programmes.But modern consumption is an irreversible process, research finds, and it’s a tough task to restore micronutrients this way. “The egg is a western answer to the loss of micronutrients, but it is not the only answer,” Bajpai insists. “As for the push to vegetarianism, the government is only providing a supplemental nutrition and does not replace a family’s primary nutrition. A lot of the Hindu population in MP is non-vegetarian, and remains so. Long-term reversals can be brought about by replacing eating and farming techniques. It’s a slow process but we are working on it.”But what is being lost in the process is invaluable. At Petlawad, Nilesh Desai runs a small school for 200 tribal children. His organisation, Samparkgram, is desperately trying to push indigenous cropping techniques. Small plastic bottles in his storehouse stock disappearing cereals such as kudra, kangni, ragi. In his backyard, organically planted corn grows among rows of toor dal, onion and garlic. The pests that feed on corn are fed on by the pests of toor, and so the cycle is self-perpetuating and does not need pesticides at all. The school’s meals run on these supplies.Desai’s work includes the documenting and categorising of disappearing vegetables. This region once had innumerable local varieties-fang, lamda, chandloi, khati bhaji, cheel, chhota karela, kachnar, tindori, kachri, chana pala, to name just a few. Greens such as kachnar were once crucial in the fight against anaemia, and tindori has large amounts of vitamin B. These crops have all but disappeared from local knowledge and cultivation, indicative of the mono-crop culture that now rules the region. Discarded as weeds, or replaced by more ‘fashionable’ crops-local bazaars now contain heaps of tomato, potato, aubergines and cauliflower. Corn rotis are being replaced by the wheat rotis-a symbol of the poor man’s meal being replaced by the double-doorrefrigerator and LED TV-purchasing upwardly mobile tribal.Wrong kinds of foodWhile the number of cattle has increased in the area due to protection, the dependence on the cattle for milk has gone down locally. There are over six million cattle in the Madhya Pradesh. But locals in Jhabua district have taken to milk powder sold by Nova, sold loose, at Rs 20 a packet. “Malnutrition here is not due to poverty. Malnutrition is due to unsustainable food practices,” Desai says.advertisementM.S. Swaminathan, one of the architects of the Green Revolution, points to the diversity he tried to restore to India’s PDS through the reintroduction of millets and multicrop farming as head of the National Commission on Farmers between 2004 and 2006. “India is at a crossroads and the problem is not the availability of food in general, but the access to the right kinds of foods,” he says. Peter Hazell of International Food Policy Research Institute also points to falling rural and urban cereal consumption with increases in consumption of milk, meat, vegetables and fruit.While the Indian Council of Medical Research weighs ideal lab measures for optimal nutrition, former National Institute of Nutrition chief Veena Shatrugna explains that these become impossible to translate to the ground for those who typically consume a single roti, an onion and a chilli, and a thin, watery dal. “Lab values work for a wealthy vegetarian who consumes his quota of animal protein from curds, paneer and milk, as well as thick dal,” she says.Aspirational eatingWhen the Green Revolution policies were framed, analysts say, they leaned upon the knowledge of the elite policymakers, who pushed the nation towards meals the upper classes ate. This not just left traditional agrarian methods behind but also made growing certain crops aspirational. Prabhu Pingali and Yasmeen Khwaja, who have documented the impact of globalisation on food patterns post-1980s, say “aspirational eating” has pushed diets to less nutritional but more globally diverse foods. Swaminathan pushed for an amendment to the food security bill to include millets in the PDS in 2012, but the move never took off. Due to increasing health awareness, millets have anyway become popular among the gym-going upper classes but as Dalit activist Chandrabhan Prasad explains, they were once used equally as horse fodder and as pay for Dalit farm hands and “no Dalit would return to eating millets”. Food politics thus leaves the wealthy healthy, and the poor more determined to move away from nourishment than before.The politics of food functions at various levels, say those working in the area. In the village of Ajkand, some 60 km from Dindori in Madhya Pradesh, live the Baiga tribespeople. They instinctively lean to the forest, now severely curtailed by the Forest Act, for their resources. From varieties of onions and tubers to leaves, greens and meats, the villagers know what to eat when. Kheda, or the hunt for sport, is a communal activity that is sparked by the season when the wild boar ravage their fields. It is beneath their dignity for Baigas to purchase what tradition tells them they should hunt and grow.The Baigas do not drink milk as they believe human beings should not feed off food of another mammal’s child. They want to retain their way of life-their food, their hunting grounds, their beliefs. Their point: one who does not eat wheat rotis and rice with vegetables isn’t eating uncivilised meals. And anyone who is, isn’t healthy. As Bhopal-based food and environmental activist Rakesh Dewan puts it: “When we celebrate our food diversity, stability will come.”Follow the writer on Twitter @Gayatri__J
rise to 3361Jammu, Jun 18 (PTI) Guns have been silent along the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir for the last 24 hours even as the number of border residents fleeing their homes for relief camps to escape Pakistani firing has gone up to 3,361.”There has been no firing and shelling by the Pakistani Army in over 24 hours. An eerie silence is prevailing along the LoC in Poonch and Rajouri district,” a senior Army officer said.There is still tension among border residents in the twin districts over the sudden firing by Pakistani troops.On the night of June 16, Pakistan had violated ceasefire by firing on forward posts along the LoC in Rajouri district, killing an Indian Army jawan.Naik Bakhtawar Singh who was injured in shelling in Naushera sector, succumbed to his wounds while being evacuated to military hospital.There have been six ceasefire violations in the past three days along the LoC and the IB in Jammu region. Since June 1, there have been a total of 17 ceasefire violations in which one civilian was killed and seven others were injured.Two Pakistani soldiers were on Wednesday killed in retaliatory fire by the Indian Army after they targeted forward posts and civilians areas along the LoC in Rajouri and Poonch districts.There were 2 ceasefire violation on July 15, three each on June 14 and 12, one on June 13, four on June 11 and one on June 10.”In view the intermittent ceasefire violations in Nowshera sector, the number migrants in various relief camps has increased in last one week. More migrants have come. There are 839 families, comprising 3,361 persons, living in relief camps set up by the district administration,” Deputy Commissioner Rajouri Shahid Iqbal Choudhary said.advertisementHe said these include 1,053 men, 1,049 women and 1,259 children from villages Sarya, Khamba, Anwas-Bhandar, Bhawani and Kanet.Thousands of people affected by cross-border firing in areas of Lam, Laroka, Pukherni are still living in their villages where the district administration makes frequently reaches out to them to address their problems.Sub Divisional Magistrate (SDM) Nowshera Harbans Lal and Tehsildar Reyaz Hussain along with camp officers, including the block development officers of Nowshera and Qila Darhal, are making arrangements at all the five camps and monitoring provisions and essential services round the clock.Deputy Commissioner, Rajouri, Shahid Iqbal Choudhary, visited the forward areas in Nowshera and Manjakote and said a large number of migrants have been living in camps for nearly 40 days now and it is a challenge for the administration to provide them basic services.However, teams of officers are putting in their best efforts to run the camps smoothly, he said.He said a detailed exercise has been held for initiating construction of individual bunkers through community involvement. He appreciated the cooperation extended by the village committees for smooth management of camps and for providing basic amenities.Joint teams of departments have also assessed the losses suffered by them including crops, livestock, houses and schools.”Relief has been provided to such families. A meeting has also been scheduled for June 22 for providing ex-gratia relief to the next of kin of the deceased and to those injured in addition to the cash relief already provided,” he said.SDM Nowshera has initiated a number of measures at relief camps which include sports activities and competitions, informal education and social exercises. PTI AB AAR
Moved by Mail Today’s report on para-swimmer Kanchanmala Pande’s plight in Berlin, ace shooter Abhinav Bindra is gunning for basic facilities and timely funds for athletes. On Thursday, India’s only sportsperson to win an Olympic gold in an individual event helped Kanchanmala get a scholarship of Rs 3 lakh from GoSports Foundation.Bindra is part of the board of advisors at the non-profit that nurtures budding talent. Kanchan was inducted into the organisation’s “Para Champions” programme. Bindra also wrote a letter to the sports ministry, proposing steps required to improve facilities for sportspersons.Mail Today reported on Wednesday how Kanchanmala was forced to borrow money from fellow swimmers during the Para Swimming Championships in Berlin after the funds sanctioned by the Sports Authority of India did not reach her on time.Bindra was among the first celebrated athletes from the country to express outrage on Twitter. Speaking to Mail Today, he said it is important to support the sportspersons.”I was concerned about her (Kanchan) when I read about the incident. So I approached GoSports and asked them to help if possible. I have also written a brief letter to the ministry stating the necessary things to back our athletes in order for them to grow and excel in their fields,” Bindra said.Eighteen para-swimmers are already part of the foundation’s programme that runs for a period of one year, offering a 360-degree approach to the athlete’s growth.Kanchan, apparently, had applied for the scholarship four months ago, but was not selected as she missed the deadline of filing application.advertisementNevertheless, the 26-year-old is now promised an extensive training programme as she attempts to bring laurels to the country at the event in Mexico.Kanchan, who is completely sightless, expressed her gratitude to Bindra, saying she now has to prove her worth with a good show in the World Championships.”I was surprised to get a call from GoSports. I am really happy the way Abhinav Bindra Sir has come out in support of me in a rather practical way. He has been continuously tweeting about the incident and went on to help me with a scholarship. This is my first scholarship and now I want to train harder than before to live up to the expectations. With the facilities and training I’ll be receiving in coming weeks, I am sure I will be able to put up a good show in Mexico,” she told Mail Today.Deepthi Bopaiah, executive director of GoSports Foundation, said Bindra approached the organisation after reading the news report and sought help for Kanchan.”We are glad Abhinav brought it to our notice. He has always stood up for Indian athletes and he informed us about Kanchan. We will be offering her a scholarship amounting to Rs 3 Lakh,” said Deepthi.”We had a chat with her and will now evaluate her requirements. We need to see if she needs a nutritionist, a mental coach or any other kind of training to help her reach full level of fitness. The contract will only be till the World Championships but we will see if we could provide her any further assistance.”ALSO READ | Kanchanmala Pande case: Sports ministry blames Paralympic Committee of India, seeks report ALSO READ | Ignored by authorities, Indian para-athlete forced to beg, borrow money in Berlin
Continue Reading Previous Clientron: latest POS system and IoV intelligent in-vehicle driving solution on showNext IAR Systems takes RISC-V to the next level Technology solutions provider Arrow Electronics has announced a global agreement with Infineon and Arkessa that will further extend Arrow’s ability to support customers with cellular communications for the Internet of Things.Security remains one of the top concerns for organisations for connected devices. Infineon provides the secured hardware controllers based on GSMA’s Embedded Subscriber Identity Module (eSIM) specification that underpin the new service. Arkessa provides secured mobile data services with the ability to provision and manage IoT devices from the factory into the field easily and effectively.By working with Arrow, OEMs, system integrators and enterprises can obtain all the technology and service elements required to provide consistent connectivity for their IoT devices anywhere in the world, underpinned by security features from Infineon and flexible network access and provisioning by Arkessa. eSIMs provide for greater security and reliability in multiple IoT applications and can be flexibly coupled with cellular, NB-IoT, and LTE-M services today from Arkessa.In Industry 4.0, progress is highly dependent upon the security of machine-to-machine (M2M) communication. Machines in smart factories are increasingly using cellular networks to exchange information that ensures smooth operation and improves efficiency. Infineon’s SLM family of security controllers are optimised for industrial applications, providing higher levels of endurance over an extended temperature range of -40 to +105˚C.In addition to industrial, use cases across smart cities, retail, and asset tracking can all benefit from the secure connectivity to bring forward new business models and growth at a global scale.Arrow’s expertise in IoT runs from the components, modules and software that comprise the edge of the IoT right through to the cloud services and analytics that exploit the data generated. It encompasses all the connectivity in between and the security necessary to protect the integrity of the network and its data.Share this:TwitterFacebookLinkedInMoreRedditTumblrPinterestWhatsAppSkypePocketTelegram Tags: Chips & Components
Belgium 4 Cyprus 0: Hazard brothers on target as Vertonghen breaks record Rob Lancaster 04:50 10/11/17 Dean Mouhtaropoulos/Getty Images Substitute Romelu Lukaku demonstrated his recovery from an ankle injury by scoring the home side’s fourth goal in Brussels. Belgium marked Jan Vertonghen becoming the country’s most-capped player with a comfortable 4-0 victory over Cyprus in Brussels on Tuesday.Roberto Martinez’s side became the first European nation to qualify for Russia 2018 in September and Eden Hazard scored twice, while younger brother Thorgan also found the net, as they completed an impressive campaign with a ninth triumph in 10 Group H outings.Romelu Lukaku came off the bench to bag Belgium’s fourth and final goal, proving his fitness after an ankle injury ahead of Manchester United’s Premier League trip to Liverpool on Saturday. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Why Barcelona god Messi will never be worshipped in the same way in Argentina Lyon treble & England heartbreak: The full story behind Lucy Bronze’s dramatic 2019 Liverpool v Man City is now the league’s biggest rivalry and the bitterness is growing Megan Rapinoe: Born & brilliant in the U.S.A. With Cyprus rarely threatening an upset, Vertonghen enjoyed an untroubled outing on his landmark 97th appearance, taking him beyond Jan Ceulemans on the all-time list.The former record-holder presented the Tottenham defender with a framed shirt prior to kick-off, while Vertonghen was also named honorary captain to celebrate his achievement.A record-breaking evening ahead for @JanVertonghen – Belgium’s most-capped international of all time! pic.twitter.com/lJixl0BwmN— Tottenham Hotspur (@SpursOfficial) October 10, 2017It was also a special occasion for the Hazard family too, as Thorgan joined Eden in Belgium’s starting XI for the first time.Eden grabbed the opener at the Stade Roi Baudouin, using a Cyprus defender as a shield to curl a right-footed shot beyond goalkeeper Constantinos Panayi in the 12th minute.Yet the early breakthrough failed to trigger a first-half deluge as the visitors – who barely ventured beyond the halfway line – stood firm in defence.Thorgan Hazard should have doubled the lead in first-half injury time, only to shoot straight at the advancing Panayi when clean through on goal.However, he capitalised on a loose ball after the break to join his sibling on the scoresheet, tapping home from close range after Michy Batshuayi’s initial effort had been saved.Eden Hazard doubled his personal tally with a penalty in the 63rd minute after Nacer Chadli’s low cross from the left hit a grounded Cypriot defender’s arm. The decision looked a tad harsh considering the distance between the two players, yet the Chelsea star showed no mercy by dispatching the spot kick.Summoned from the bench, Lukaku needed just 12 minutes to break up the Hazard dominance on the scoresheet, shrugging off Giorgos Merkis with ease before rolling a right-footed shot beyond the advancing Panayi.The striker was denied a second in the 90th minute by a dubious offside flag but, after Saturday’s dramatic 4-3 triumph in Bosnia-Herzegovina, this was a breeze for Belgium on a night to remember for Vertonghen and the Hazards.Full-time | 4-0 #BELCYP #RoadtoRussia #WCQ pic.twitter.com/14PfNn7sB5— BelgianRedDevils (@BelRedDevils) October 10, 2017 read more
ATLANTA, GA – SEPTEMBER 22: Head Coach Dabo Swinney of the Clemson Tigers calls a play against the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets on September 22, 2018 in Atlanta, Georgia. (Photo by Scott Cunningham/Getty Images)Clemson is taking on Louisville on Saturday afternoon, and it’s fair to say that this one has been a blowout from the start. We’re at the point now where the head coach of the Tigers is drawing up plays so his son – a backup wide receiver – can score.Will Swinney, son of Clemson head coach Dabo Swinney, really only sees action when his team has a comfortable lead. With the Tigers holding a 70-16 lead on Louisville, he was given an awesome opportunity.Backup quarterback Chase Brice found Swinney for an 8-yard score to make the score 77-16. It was insulting, to say the least.It was more of a pitch than a pass, but it was a score nonetheless.Will Swinney! TOUCHDOWN pic.twitter.com/yXJZr5wSaL— ClemsonEditz (@ClemsonEditz_) November 3, 2018That look says it all. Dabo Swinney dials up a touchdown for his son Will as Clemson pours it on against Louisville. pic.twitter.com/JZpAXYH92P— SI College Football (@si_ncaafb) November 3, 2018Somehow, we’re only halfway through the fourth quarter. There’s a real chance the Tigers, if they choose to, could score over 80 points.Louisville, in the post-Lamar Jackson era, is very, very bad. They’re now 2-7 on the season with zero ACC victories.
OTTAWA – Officers who rushed to the scene of a deadly shooting in Fredericton likely saved the lives of others, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said Friday as Canadians reeled from news of early-morning gunfire that claimed the lives of four people, including two members of the local police force.“They were unflinching in their duty,” Trudeau said in a statement of the two officers who were killed at the scene. Their sacrifice “no doubt saved lives and prevented even greater tragedy.”Federal Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale, who held a hastily assembled news conference in Sarnia, Ont., said it was too early to say exactly what happened — or what motives were behind the shooting.“The facts and the details are not known,” Goodale said, calling the investigation into the incident “raw.”“What we do know is that four Canadians are dead, and that is a huge tragedy for the whole country.”Earlier Friday, Trudeau — who was scheduled to be in Toronto later in the day at an event to honour the two victims of a shooting in that city just last month — used Twitter to lead a cascade of condolences from political quarters both inside Canada and beyond as news of the shooting sank in.Police said one person was custody and was being treated for serious injuries. After warning residents to remain in their homes with the doors locked, by about mid-morning they were able to declare that there was no longer any public threat.An official update on the situation was scheduled for later Friday.Goodale said the RCMP are standing at the ready should the Fredericton police need any more additional help.New Brunswick Premier Brian Gallant also cited the brave work of first responders in a statement of his own.“On behalf of all New Brunswickers, I offer my condolences, thoughts and prayers to the victims and their families,” Gallant tweeted. “During this difficult time, our thoughts are also with the courageous women and men on the front lines working to keep us safe.”Bill Blair, a former Toronto police chief who just last month was tapped to serve as Trudeau’s minister of border security and organized crime reduction, offered comfort directly to Fredericton’s police chief.“I want to extend my heartfelt condolences to all the victims,” he tweeted, “including Chief Leanne Fitch on the tragic death of two of her officers in the service of their community.”Federal Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer offered prayers for the families of the officers and everyone impacted, while NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh expressed solidarity with first responders. Alberta United Conservative Party Leader Jason Kenney also joined the online chorus, citing the perils faced daily by law enforcement officials.“We are all shocked and saddened to learn this morning of the ongoing tragic incident in Fredericton,” Kenney said, calling it a “reminder of the risks our brave men and women in uniform are willing to take every day to keep us safe.”Kelly Craft, the U.S. ambassador to Canada, said she was “shocked and troubled” to learn of the tragedy.Gun violence has been a hot topic among politicians and the Canadian public this summer, particularly after several high-profile shootings in the city of Toronto.
1(52 Words) Download Download PrintPrint 4/16/2019 7:05:00 PM New Delhi, Apr 16 (PTI) Rohit Shekhar Tiwari, son of late Uttarakhand Chief Minister N D Tiwari, was brought dead at a private hospital in south Delhi, sources said on Tuesday. DCP (South) Vijay Kumar said Tiwari was brought to the Max Hospital where doctors declared him dead. Further details are awaited.
14 December 2007As the United Nations today confirmed that 17 of its staff have perished in the terror attacks in Algiers, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon voiced his great sorrow at the toll this “unspeakable crime” has taken. “I have learned with profound sadness that the death toll on the bombing in Algiers last Tuesday is even higher than we feared,” Mr. Ban said in a statement, after the Organization announced that 17 UN staff members are now confirmed dead following the car bombing in the Algerian capital. “Words cannot begin to do justice to the grief I feel. “I send my prayers to the loved ones of those who perished, to those who are wounded, and to those who are grappling with trauma after this terrible event,” stated Mr. Ban. “I send my thoughts to all their colleagues who work every day, in difficult and dangerous circumstances, for peace and security, development and human rights around the world.” He added that “those who target innocent civilians in this way commit an unspeakable crime. Our colleagues there were working with no other mission than to support the people of Algeria in building a better future.”The staff members confirmed to have died and whose families have been notified include Hind Boukroufa, Djamel Rezzoug, Saadia Boucelham, Samia Hammoutene, Chadli Hamza and Mohamed Khelladi of Algeria, as well as Steven Olejas of Denmark, all of whom worked for the UN Development Programme (UNDP). Algerians Adnane Souilah, Kamel Sait and Mustapha Benbara (UN Population Fund); Hanniche Abel-Rahim (International Labour Organization); Nabil Slimani and Karim Bentebal (UN High Commissioner for Refugees); Hakim Si Larbi (Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS); and Mohamed Laseli (UN Industrial Development Organization) were also killed, as were Gene Luna of the Philippines (World Food Programme); and Babacar Ndiaye of Senegal (Department of Safety and Security). UN spokesperson Marie Okabe told reporters that efforts on the ground to clear away the rubble have led to the discovery and identification of more bodies. Mr. Ban has sent several of his top aids to Algiers to determine how best to aid those injured in the attack and the families of the victims.Kemal Dervis, the head of the UN Development Programme (UNDP), has met with the families of the victims as well as those who were injured in Algiers. “It was sad to see the impact of the attack on his colleagues, he said, adding that “the victims are not soldiers who signed up for battle, but people, mostly Algerians, who are working for peace, development and to alleviate human suffering.”The Algiers bombing is not the first time the UN has been attacked by terrorists. A bomb destroyed the world body’s Baghdad headquarters in August 2003, killing 22 people, including top envoy Sergio Vieira de Mello.
AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email WASHINGTON – Investors are waiting to see whether one of Ben Bernanke’s final acts as chairman of the Federal Reserve will be to announce a pullback in the Fed’s bond purchases. The purchases have been intended to keep long-term loan rates low to spur economic growth.It’s a close call.But most economists think that when the Fed’s latest policy meeting ends Wednesday, it will announce that it’s maintaining its pace of $85 billion a month in bond purchases despite a drop in unemployment to 7 per cent and other improving economic data.One factor in the Fed’s hesitance to reduce its stimulus is that inflation remains historically low. The Fed’s optimal rate is 2 per cent. For the 12 months ending in October, consumer inflation as measured by the Fed’s preferred index is just 0.7 per cent, well below its target. The Fed is as concerned about under-shooting the inflation target as over-shooting it. Both are seen as threats to the economy.On Wednesday, Bernanke will also give his final quarterly news conference. His second four-year term as chairman ends Jan. 31, when Vice Chair Janet Yellen will likely succeed him. The Senate is expected to approve Yellen’s nomination this week.Most analysts think the Fed will start trimming its bond purchases at one of its next two meetings, either in January or March.The decision carries high stakes for individuals, businesses and global financial markets. A pullback in the bond buying would likely send long-term rates up and stock and bond prices down.That the Fed is even considering slowing its stimulus is testament to the economy’s improvement. Hiring has been robust for four straight months. Unemployment is at a five-year low of 7 per cent. Factory output is up. Consumers are spending more at retailers. Auto sales haven’t been better since the recession ended 4 1/2 years ago.What’s more, the stock market is near all-time highs. Inflation remains below the Fed’s target rate. And the House has passed a budget plan that seems likely to avert another government shutdown next year. The Senate is expected to follow suit.“It really feels like the economy has finally hit escape velocity,” said Mark Zandi, chief economist at Moody’s Analytics, citing a term Bernanke has used for an economy strong enough to propel growth and shrink unemployment without the Fed’s extraordinary help.Still, only one-fourth of more than three dozen economists surveyed last week by The Associated Press expect the Fed to scale back its bond purchases this week.The economists surveyed by the AP think Yellen will be more “dovish” than Bernanke — that is, more likely to stress the need to reduce still-high unemployment than to worry about inflation that might arise from the Fed’s policies.Bernanke’s mention in June that the Fed might start to reduce its bond purchases before year’s end sent stocks and bonds into a temporary tailspin. They have since recovered. Stocks are trading near new highs. And the rate on the benchmark 10-year Treasury has stabilized, though it’s still a full percentage point above its level in early May.The calmness among investors suggests that they’ve absorbed a point Bernanke has stressed repeatedly: That even after the Fed scales back its bond purchases, it will still provide significant support for the economy. Fed officials have invoked the imagery of a driver easing up on a gas pedal without pressing the brakes.In addition, the Fed plans to leave its key policy lever for short-term rates at a record low near zero, where it’s been since December 2008. It’s said it plans to leave its short-term rate ultra-low at least as long as unemployment remains above 6.5 per cent and the outlook for inflation doesn’t top 2.5 per cent.An unemployment rate of 6.5 per cent wouldn’t automatically trigger a rate increase, Bernanke has said. To stress that short-term rates will remain ultra-low, some Fed officials favour announcing an unemployment threshold of 6 per cent before any rate increase would be considered.Some economists think the Fed may decide to leave its policy unchanged in December just because Bernanke and other officials have sent no clear signal of their intentions.“Reducing bond purchases is going to happen at some point, but I don’t think they have done enough explaining yet to prepare the markets for the move,” said Diane Swonk, chief economist at Mesirow Financial.Once the Fed does slow its bond purchases, many economists think it will start by reducing its monthly pace by just $10 billion to $75 billion. But much will return on the collective decision-making of a policy committee with an evolving membership.Because of the transition from Bernanke to Yellen and the need to fill other spots on the Fed’s policy panel, economists In part because of such changes, some think the Fed might decide not to trim its bond purchases until March — the first meeting with Yellen in charge.“I think they will wait until March when they have a new team in place,” said Sung Won Sohn, an economics professor at the Martin Smith School of Business at California State University. by Martin Crutsinger, The Associated Press Posted Dec 17, 2013 11:25 pm MDT Fed, after meeting, is expected to maintain its pace of bond purchases for now
AN APPEAL AGAINST the undue leniency of a six-month prison sentence handed down to a man convicted of sexual assault will be heard today.Anthony Lyons an aviation broker, had five-and-a-half years of a six-year sentence suspended last year, after being found guilty of sexually assaulting a woman near Griffith Avenue on Dublin’s northside in 2010.He was also ordered to pay the 27-year-old victim €75,000 in compensation.In November, the Director of Public Prosecutions was successful in its appeal against the leniency of the sentence but a decision on what sentence should instead be imposed was reserved.But in the interim Mr Justice Michael Hanna became seriously ill and as a result the appeal has had to be re-heard.Lyons admitted to the attack but had argued that a combination medication and alcohol caused him to carry out the attack.The Court of Criminal Appeal had ruled that the sentence imposed was too lenient, citing an “error in principle”.Read: Appeal court finds Anthony Lyons sentence too lenient >Read: ‘Unusual sentence’ for sex offender raises doubts about system’s fairness >
By Adam Daly Image: PA Archive/PA Images Senator David Norris says Michael D Higgins is too old to run for a second term. Image: PA Archive/PA Images http://jrnl.ie/4098534 23,649 Views Senator David Norris says Michael D Higgins is too old to run for a second term. Yes (6091) SENATOR DAVID NORRIS has suggested that people are afraid to raise the issue of Michael D Higgins’ age, in advance of the expected announcement that the 77-year-old former Labour TD will seek a second term in the Áras.“With the best will in the world, do you want a president who’ll be 85 in the last year?” Norris, a candidate for the presidency in 2011, told the Seanad.When running for the presidency of Ireland candidates must be 35 years or older but there is currently no age limit in place. In 2015 the country had a chance to lower the age at which a person can run for the Áras to 21-years-old but that referendum was defeated by over 70%.We’re asking: Should there be an upper age limit to running for public office? 86 Comments Friday 29 Jun 2018, 8:50 AM No (4256) Poll: Should there be an upper age limit to running for public office? David Norris suggested this week that people were afraid to raise Michael D’s age. Short URL YesNoNo interest/no opinionVote No interest/no opinion (333) Poll Results: Share5 Tweet Email Jun 29th 2018, 8:50 AM Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article
Syriza head Alexis Tsipras has called on the Greek people to “complete their victory in the coming elections of June 17. Speaking to party members, Tsipras attacked what he called the “vulgar propaganda” aimed at Syriza, that according to him was in place with the sole purpose of creating a unified front against his party.“This fake dilemma, memorandum or exit from the euro is their plan. The return to the drachma after the Greek people have been brought to their kness is their plan. It is in fact, the last part of the plan set out by the memorandum and the loan agreement, a plan that Pasok and New Democracy are serving faithfully”, Tsipras stressed. “The first memorandum was put in place in order for the markets to gain time and in order for our lenders to avoid losing a single euro. The second memorandum was put in place, to serve the interests of big capital both inside and outside our country. At the end of all these memorandums, if they so continue, is bankruptcy and a return to the drachma” he noted gravely. On the matter of the proposed televised debate between him and New Democracy chief Antonis Samaras, Tsipras appeared open to the challenge set by his main opposition in the coming elections. “With what plan does Mr. Samaras intend to head into the elections with, the second memorandum translated in Greek? Again? We will of course have a chance to make this clear, possibly when we meet with him for a televised debate, which we will gladly be a part of. Meanwhile, the debate, a proposal originally put forward by New Democracy spokesman Yannis Mihelakis, is a matter which has greatly frustrated and angered Pasok, sentiments that were very evident when party spokesperson Fofi Gennimata commented on the topic: “To our surprise, we heard Mr. Mihelakis propose a debate between Mr. Samaras and Mr. Tsipras. This is the same man who prior to the previous elections, using a variety of excuses, basically torpedoed the chance of a debate between the political leaders. This sudden 180 degree turn shows a lot. Just like back then, so too now, New Democracy want to avoid a debate between Mr. Samaras and Mr. Venizelos”. Source: Athens News Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram
The North Slope Borough Assembly has voted to investigate allegations of ethics violations made against Mayor Charlotte Brower.Download Audio:The Assembly’s unanimous vote on Monday was made at Brower’s request and comes after a disclosure by Brower that borough staff had procured goods from members of her family.Brower wrote in a July 7 memo to Assembly members that the borough had allowed no-bid purchases from her family without her knowledge. Details of the purchases the borough paid for were not immediately known.Brower was not available for comment Tuesday. In a written statement released to the media, Brower said she thought an investigation into the allegations would “promote transparency and accountability within the borough.”
Buy This Comic: DEATH ORB #1Buy This Comic: MAN-EATERS #1 “In the pantheon of heroes, none are more lovable and loyal than everyone’s beloved good ol’ dog, Sparky. Surviving in the wintery apocalypse of the undead, this former TV star turned zombie killing machine just wants to make friends and be a good boy. As his fellow survivors scavenge for supplies in the frigid wasteland, will Sparky be able to protect his companions from threats both undead and not yet undead?”Oni Press brings us a new kind of zombie apocalypse with Dead of Winter #1, a comic adapted from the table top game, Dead of Winter: A Crossroads Game, designed by Isaac Vega and Jon Gilmour for Plaid Hat Games. I have to admit, I didn’t know this game was based off a table top, but after reading Dead of Winter #1, I want to play it with friends.DEAD OF WINTER #1(W): Kyle Starks (A): Gabriel “Gabo” Bautista (L): Crank!via Oni PressDead of Winter #1 starts with a family swarmed by an ever growing horde of zombies outside their door. They hide for shelter but hope that they’ll discover a way out. Just when they think all hopes lost, they hear a knock on the door and open to see a dog in a red cape, asking them to follow him to two men in a red pickup. The family becomes part of a group of survivors that have to figure out a way to survive the zombie horde coming to them, but also the harsh realities of winter.Kyle Stars adapts this story with a hilarious, energetic start that leaves you wanting more. I don’t personally do well with zombie apocalypse stories. They tend to run together after awhile, and after getting through most of The Walking Dead, I had to put it down and leave it a lone. However, Dead of Winter #1 feels different in the best ways.It’s not only based off an RPG table top, but it also reads like one. In the beginning, there aren’t any particular bigger stories that are happening within the cast, just the scenario they find themselves in. There aren’t any big back story (yet) on why the apocalypse happens – we’re already in the middle of it. Each character has a particular function or title, for example, you have a fireman, white trash, lawyer, and principal, they don’t carry much explanation than that, and it’s fantastic because you wouldn’t be able to focus on the real star of the comic.via Oni PressSparky, our heroic cape wearing dog who “really hates zombies” is our lead. Sparky is a former actor starring in, Sparky, The Superdog before the story begins and Stars writes him as a zombie eating Lassie that wants to do the best he can with the situation. Sparky is the only character with a backstory, making it even more of a comic that feels like an RPG. You’ll find yourself pondering about the others but not necessarily caring yet because Sparky is your connection to whats happening between then and now.Gabriel “Gabo” Bautista’s gory cartoonlike illustrations make Dead of Winter #1 even more worthy of picking up. The setting of winter is already bleak and bland, but Gabo lightens things up a little bit (while still being bleak) that faithfully and wittingly combines with Stars’ words. The gore of zombies is the best part of any post-apocalyptic comic and Gabo does it with a wild amount of detail that fit his lines and excellent coloring to bring Dead of Winter to life.Dead of Winter #1 is already turning out to be a funny and exciting driven story that will only get better. I highly recommend you reading this if you want an RPG-like take and feel on regular zombie comics. I also recommend this if you want to see a joyful and adorable dog in a cape, who bites zombies and wants to make friends in this world. Dead of Winter #1 is available now on Comixology and in print here.8/2/17 Releases – In addition to Dead of Winter #1, here’s a list of other new titles that came out this week that you should be reading.Spencer & Locke TPB by David Pepose (W), Jorge Santiago, Jr (A), Jason Smith (C), Colin Bell (L) Action Lab ComicsWWE Vol. 1 by Dennis Hopeless (W), Serge Acuna (Chapters 1-4), Dan Mora (Prologue) (A), Doug Garbark (C) and Jim Campbell (L) Boom! StudiosBlack Bolt #4 by writer Saladin Ahmed, artist Christian Ward, and Marvel. Read our glowing reviews of issues #1 here and #2 here.Let us know what you like about Geek by taking our survey. Stay on target
Watch These Movies Before ‘John Wick: Chapter 3 – Parabellum’‘Fortnite’s’ John Wick Mode Is The Deadliest Crossover… Stay on target John Wick: Chapter 2 isn’t even out in theaters yet, but Keanu Reeves might already have to get ready for another spin with the character.Franchise director Chad Stahelski said in an interview that he and his team have already begun planning for the third film and besides the return of Reeves, obviously, they already have some actors in mind, including Ian McShane, who plays Winston in the two films.“Winston’s a big part of the next one, so is Lance Reddick. We’ve got some ideas,” he said.The news follows a panel at New York Comic Con over the weekend that revealed a number of details about Chapter 2, along with the first trailer.McShane and Reddick are seen as people who run the Continental, which is a hotel in the Wickverse. Picking up immediately after the events of the first one, Wick flies to Rome to deal with an international assassins’ guild. According to Stahelski, it actually takes place the following day.“When it came to coming up with a story idea, we had like ten bad ideas, and they we were like, ‘fuck it,’ what would have just happened the next day,” he said. “Once we stopped worrying about ourselves, it was fun.”For the follow-up to a film about an assassin getting revenge after the loss of his dog, this one still looks bonkers, like something straight from an anime rather than real life. Even more important though is the Matrix reunion. Stahelski was a stunt coordinator on the Matrix films and Morpheus himself, Laurence Fishburne, appears at the end of the trailer.Ruby Rose from Orange is the New Black and Common are also slated to appear.John Wick: Chapter 2 is scheduled for release on Feb. 10, 2017. For more on the New York Comic Con panel, click here.
Explore further Citation: Startup touts ultrafast charging: What if a smartphone could charge in 12 minutes instead of two hours? (2013, April 8) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-04-startup-touts-ultrafast-smartphone-minutes.html (c) 2013 Phys.org/Naveena Sadasivam Two Gadgets, One Charger: Fueltank Portable Lithium Ion Battery (Phys.org) —Potential Difference Inc., a Nevada startup, has developed a versatile charger that it claims can refill the batteries in smartphones, laptops and even electric vehicles to 80 percent capacity in 12 minutes. That’s a major improvement considering the Tesla Motors Supercharger needs 30 minutes to recharge 50 percent of a battery. An Exide forklift truck battery being charged using the rapid charging system. Credit: Potential Difference Inc. Dr. Yi Ding at the Georgia Institute of Technology first developed the technology in the late 1990s, and patented it in 2001. Now, Elliott Small, the CEO of Potential Difference, has acquired an exclusive license to commercialize the technology. “We are working on partnering with manufacturers to integrate the technology with the battery of different consumer electronics,” said Small. Potential Difference has already teamed up with Chargetek to manufacture the integrated circuits with the patented technology and is currently running a crowd funding campaign on Indiegogo.com.Predominantly, energy storage research involves innovation in the materials used to design batteries and in their physical configuration. But this particular technology modifies the method of charging without altering batteries themselves. The charger has sensors to detect the temperature, voltage and current charge level of a battery, and these data are used to determine the battery charge acceptance. Generally, batteries charge faster at low charge levels as compared to when they are already partially charged. By first determining the state of the battery, the charger can optimize the current pulses it sends.”This is what makes it unique and different,” said Scott Moura, a postdoctoral fellow in control systems and dynamics at the University of California, San Diego. “Batteries normally charge using a constant current but these chargers send current pulses.” Potential Difference has conducted testing on charger prototypes for lithium-ion batteries and its results show that common consumer electronics and electric vehicles can be charged fully within 16 minutes. While charging to 80 percent, the battery reached a maximum temperature of 42 degrees Celsius. A major plus for implementation is that the charger is compatible with almost all consumer electronics. “The interface that connects the charger and device needs to be changed, but the charger remains essentially the same,” Small said. Originally, Potential Difference hoped to manufacture the chargers on its own but technological and market limitations pushed the company to connect with electronics manufacturers. John Busbee, the CEO of Xerion Advanced Battery Corp., agrees that the charger will work best if customized to each electronic device. “It won’t reach it’s best potential without partnerships with the consumer electronics and battery manufacturers,” said Busbee. “If the battery model is not reflective of the battery, it’ll work, but it won’t work as well.” However, Ding argues that the charging method is generic and depends mainly on basic battery chemistry. He feels that since most electric vehicles and consumer electronics use lithium-ion batteries, the specifications of the battery are immaterial. “That’s the beauty of this kind of charging technique,” Ding said. “It doesn’t rely on who the producer is or the size of the battery.” Since the charger first diagnoses the state of the battery before responding, Dr. Ding said the manufacturing details of each gadget are not required. Moura is skeptical about the fast charging technique’s effect on battery life. When high levels of current are applied, the internal resistance of the battery causes temperature rise and damage to the battery itself. Moura explains that since the electrodes in the battery are like a sponge soaking up lithium ions, sending high pulses of current repeatedly would cause repetitive expansion and contraction of the electrode, ultimately resulting in electrode fractures and battery failure. Potential Difference has not yet conducted cyclical testing on the device and does not yet have data on how many cycles of charging an average battery can withstand. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Citation: Two studies offer evidence suggesting salmonella may have killed off the Aztecs (2017, February 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-02-evidence-salmonella-aztecs.html More information: Salmonella enterica genomes recovered from victims of a major 16th century epidemic in Mexico, doi.org/10.1101/106740AbstractIndigenous populations of the Americas experienced high mortality rates during the early contact period as a result of infectious diseases, many of which were introduced by Europeans. Most of the pathogenic agents that caused these outbreaks remain unknown. Using a metagenomic tool called MALT to search for traces of ancient pathogen DNA, we were able to identify Salmonella enterica in individuals buried in an early contact era epidemic cemetery at Teposcolula-Yucundaa, Oaxaca in southern Mexico. This cemetery is linked to the 1545-1550 CE epidemic locally known as ‘cocoliztli’, the cause of which has been debated for over a century. Here we present two reconstructed ancient genomes for Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Paratyphi C, a bacterial cause of enteric fever. We propose that S. Paratyphi C contributed to the population decline during the 1545 cocoliztli outbreak in Mexico.Millennia of genomic stability within the invasive Para C Lineage of Salmonella enterica, doi.org/10.1101/105759AbstractSalmonella enterica serovar Paratyphi C is the causative agent of enteric (paratyphoid) fever. While today a potentially lethal infection of humans that occurs in Africa and Asia, early 20th century observations in Eastern Europe suggest it may once have had a wider-ranging impact on human societies. We recovered a draft Paratyphi C genome from the 800-year-old skeleton of a young woman in Trondheim, Norway, who likely died of enteric fever. Analysis of this genome against a new, significantly expanded database of related modern genomes demonstrated that Paratyphi C is descended from the ancestors of swine pathogens, serovars Choleraesuis and Typhisuis, together forming the Para C Lineage. Our results indicate that Paratyphi C has been a pathogen of humans for at least 1,000 years, and may have evolved after zoonotic transfer from swine during the Neolithic period. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further White ibis salmonella shedding increases with urbanization, new study finds Salmonella forms a biofilm. Credit: CDC Spanish explorers arrived in the New World in what is now Mexico in 1519—it is believed that the native population of Aztecs at that time was approximately 25 million. A hundred years later, that number had dropped to just 1 million. Prior research has suggested that the population decline came about mostly due to diseases carried by explorers from Europe, but to date, no disease has been fingered as the culprit. In this new effort, both teams of researchers suggest it might have been a unique strain of salmonella called Salmonella enterica, also known as Paratyphi C. It has been likened to typhus, and in modern times, kills approximately 10 to 15 percent of those infected.In the first study, the team sequenced DNA from the teeth of Aztecs people that had died during a time called the cocoliztli—a great pestilence that ran from 1545 to 1576, killing off approximately 80 percent of the population. Of the 29 samples collected, 24 were linked to the cocoliztli. The researchers report that they found S. enterica in several of the samples. More details are forthcoming, the team notes, when their paper is published.In the second study, the researchers were studying the remains of a woman that had died approximately 900 years ago (300 years before the cocoliztli) in Norway, and they also found evidence of S. enterica, which suggested that the salmonella strain found in the New World victims may have come from Europe, though it is still not clear how closely they match. Again, more information will come when the paper is published.Neither paper proves conclusively that salmonella was the disease that wiped out most of the Aztecs, but the new evidence does suggest it likely played a part. © 2017 Phys.org (Phys.org)—Two separate studies conducted by two teams of researchers has led to evidence suggesting that salmonella infections may have been one of the factors that led to the deaths of the vast majority of the Aztecs living in Mexico after the arrival of the Spaniards. Both studies were conducted by teams with members from around the globe and both resulted in papers that have been uploaded to the bioRxiv preprint server as they await review prior to formal publication.